1. They’ve been around for a very, very long time. The oldest known sea turtle fossils date back about 150 million years, making them some of the oldest creatures on Earth. Just for some context, dinosaurs became extinct 65 million years ago.
2. They really love to travel. Leatherback sea turtles can travel more than 10,000 miles every year.
3. For sea turtles, home is where the heart is. When it’s time to lay their eggs, female sea turtles return to the same nesting grounds where they were born.
4. They can hold their breath for a very (very, very) long time. Green sea turtles can stay underwater for up to five hours, but their feeding dives usually only last five minutes or less.
5. They can grow to be suuuuuper heavy. Leatherback sea turtles can weigh up to 2,000 pounds.
6. Their eggs look amazingly like pingpong balls. But they’re not, so don’t try to play with them! Females lay up to 150 eggs every two to three years. A couple months later, tiny turtles emerge.
7. And for the new hatchlings, it really is survival of the fittest. It is estimated that only one hatchling in a thousand will make it to adulthood. Whether it’s the treacherous journey from nest to ocean or the predatory dangers of the open sea, it’s a cruel, cruel world out there for these youngsters.
8. Male sea turtles spend their entire lives at sea. Since they don’t have to return to land to lay eggs, males almost never leave the ocean. This can make it difficult to keep track of population numbers.
9. Sometimes they cry, but not because they’re sad. Sea turtles have glands that help to empty excess salt from their eyes, making it appear as though they’re crying, but not to worry, they’re just doing some spring cleaning.
10. Their gender depends on how hot or cold their environment was while they were in their eggs. During incubation, sex is determined by the temperature of the surrounding environment. Warm temperatures tend to produce more female hatchlings, whereas cooler temps result in males.